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Verdi: Aida

CD Button Harteros, Semenchuk; Kaufmann, Tézier, Spotti, Schrott; Orchestra e Coro dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Pappano. Warner Classics 0825646106639 (3)

Recordings Aida Cover 1215

Critics Choice Button 1015 OPERA FANS of a certain age may now have a flashback. Here’s a recording of a bread-and-butter opera, made in the studio, starring the leading couple everybody wants to hear individually and in tandem. In the 1980s, it seemed like these came out every week or so, and then it seemed like there hadn’t been one since Nina Stemme and Plácido Domingo went into the studio ten years ago for Tristan und Isolde. If neither of these perceptions is strictly accurate, this new release lives up to expectations. Jonas Kaufmann’s Radamès is sung with burnished tone not heard in the role since the days of Bergonzi and Björling. His aria is long-breathed, his phrases are elegantly tapered, and his tone is brighter and less baritonal than we sometimes hear from him. If there’s still more room for artistry in the expanse of thirty-two reiterated Bs in the tomb scene, the performance is hardly lacking in any other regard. Anja Harteros, as Aida, is keenly responsive to the music in the orchestra. She doesn’t shirk any of the considerable demands of the role. The character is confident and determined when she needs to be, even defiant at the start of the duet with Radamès in Act III, making the end of the opera all the more poignant. The unaccompanied line in the big “Ma tu, Re” ensemble is sung both as a musical transition in the form of the number and as an emotional transition for everyone onstage.

Conductor Antonio Pappano does some of his best work in the duets, reminding us that Aida is most alive as a drama when there are exactly two people onstage, and the trio in the first scene offers momentum allied with tension. But “Su! del Nilo” is empty-headed. Perhaps Pappano is making a statement about the futility of war. On the other hand, Nikolaus Harnoncourt’s conducting of Aida may have been much-maligned, but he showed that adherence to Verdi’s tempo relationships makes a stunning moment of music drama when this ensemble, if done slowly rather than glibly, slides into Aida’s panicked, private desperation in “Ritorna vincitor!” Pappano’s performance generally makes for a red-sauce evening. But his strikingly slow tempos at the start and end of Act III—the prelude losing any sense of heat, night or languor, the opera stopping dead at “Io son disonorato”—merely call attention to the conductor. 

Ekaterina Semenchuk is no steely Amazon as Amneris. There’s graceful, intimate singing when required. The Met has engaged her for only a handful of Russian roles, but on the basis of this recording she would do the house proud in wider repertoire. Ludovic Tézier is a classy Amonasro, almost a romantic partner for his Aida. (This makes sense in an opera in which everybody, even Radamès at times, is working the angles.) Erwin Schrott is mostly unsteady as Ramfis, a role that hardly requires anything but steadiness. For once the bass trophy goes to the King, here the incisive Marco Spotti.

Even those of us who mostly prefer live recordings have to admit that there’s a lot to be said for Aida in the studio. The first scene can lead directly to the temple scene without applause or scenery shifting. The coda to “O patria mia,” with no pause for an ovation, can be interrupted midphrase by Amonasro’s surprise appearance. Verdi, a supreme dramatist, counted on these and other effects that we never experience in the theater. Add to this singers who understand that Verdi may write espressivo on occasion but all singing is meant to be espressivo, and you have quite a treat. —William R. Braun 

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